What is a cultivator?
Cultivators are farming machines used by the farmer to loosen hard soil surface, distributing equal amount of fertilizer in each part of the land and removing unwanted plants and weeds from the soil as well.
We all know sometimes the condition of the soil can be inappropriate for growing crops. It can become very hard and rigid. In that environment, it is very difficult to plant seeds in the soil. Therefore, the basic and simple use of the cultivator is to improve the quality of the soil before seeding it.
Using a cultivator is an important step to the farmer because it has added advantages. It increases the fertility of the soil, increases the production of crops which in turn increases to prospects of the farmers to grow healthy crops and earn better from their farming business.
USES OF CULTIVATOR:
The foremost use of a cultivator is to loosen the hard soil with its metal tines. It also helps in evenly distributing the nutrients and fertilizer all over the soil surface. The best results are obtained when the cultivator is used over the soil when it is completely dried and not wet. You should always use the cultivator on a dry soil for better results.
Cultivators give an added advantage to the farmers by removing the unwanted plants and weeds that grow along with the crops. This is also known as the weeding process. Sometimes farmers also evenly distribute chemicals that are helpful in killing the weeds permanently. Glyphosate is the weed killer that is most extensively used which is also strong, safe & reliably eliminates most weeds in one single application. This also helps farmers who pull out weeds manually saving their time and effort.
Cultivator helps in evenly distributing organic compost and synthetic fertilizers all over the soil without any kind of wastage. When the fertilizers are spread by hand, most of it gets washed away with the wind. An added advantage of doing the fertilization process with a cultivator is that it avoids any kind of wastage for farmers.
As the cultivator evenly distributes the soil, it increases the productivity of the soil by making the crops healthy. It ensures increasing the value of the land and increasing the benefits for the farmers.
Just by ploughing the soil with a cultivator, a farmer’s prospects increase by manifold by enhancing the qualities of crops and making them healthy.
Unlike the earlier times, when farmers had obsolete technology and manual labour, they had to use a lot of manpower which would give lesser results. Today, because of modern technology, the farmers can get better results, increased productivity and better profits at the same time. All of this reduces the manpower required at the fields which in today’s times excellent machines like cultivators can do.
Various Types of Cultivators:
Bar point cultivators are yet another type of cultivators that facilitate hoeing, weeding, aerating, scrapping & levelling of soil efficiently without having to put in extra efforts by the farmer thereby reducing the manual labour for the farmer and increasing productivity.
The main function of the field cultivator is to prepare a proper seedbed for the crop to be planted into, to bury crop residue in the soil, to control any kind of unwanted plants and weeds, and to mix and aerate the soil to ensure the that the crops growing have enough nutrients.
If you have a large garden project or hard, compact soil, cultivating by hand becomes a very difficult task to do which also requires a lot of manual labour. In that case, a power tiller may be the right cultivating tool for you. These power tillers work best for small pieces of land. You only have to walk behind and the tines with move forward. Do not till deeper than two to three inches, this amount of tillage will kill weeds without disturbing crop roots.
A hand tiller, also called a 3-tine cultivator or 4-tine cultivator, is the most ideal machine as small backyard tiller for gardening purposes. The main purpose of it is that is breaks up the soil with its small tines. This machine is also called as a mini-pitchfork. Using a hand tiller will mean you will be working a lot more manually like working on your hands and knees to cultivate your soil, but in a small area this compact and light-weight, easy to use and value for money tool can make the work happen fast and quickly.
Cultivator manufacturers in India
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A major difference between a harrow and a cultivator is the intensity of disturbance these machine cause on the soil surface. A harrow disturbs the soil to a bigger extent in levelling it out. Its main purpose is to even the ground and remove weeds and weeding plants. However, a cultivator on the other hand evens out the soil, provides aeration and loosening, distribution of nutrients and composts and also improving the drainage in the soil. A harrow also has a framework of discs which at times can also negatively affect the soil by disturbing its structure which might require the farmer to do additional tillage on the farm.
A harrow also has a framework of discs which at times can also negatively affect the soil by disturbing its structure which might require the farmer to do additional tillage on the farm. Sometimes farmers do disking in wet soil structure which also leads to lumping of the soil leading to the generation of clods. In that case also, the farmer has to apply additional tillage to improve the disrupted structure of the soil.
Ploughing the grounds leads to bigger clods in the soil. Harrowing involves breaking up the clods of soil left after ploughing.The timing of ploughing and harrowing is important. If there is a long gap duration between ploughing and sowing, weeds will grow again and the land may have to be ploughed one more time. Cultivator on the other hand is independent machinery that loosens and aerates the soil before planting seeds. Ploughs can be used to prepare a field for planting or sowing crops. Cultivators are used after the harvesting procedure to prepare your field for planting or sowing.
The main difference between the two is that the teeth of a cultivatorwork near the surface of the soil, usually for the purpose of weed control, whereas the latter works deep inside the surface. Consequently, another difference between the two is that cultivating also takes much less power per shank than does chisel ploughing.
A subsoiler is a tractor-mounted cultivator type farm implement tool that is used for deep tilling, loosening and breaking up soil at depths much deep down below the levels worked by mouldboard ploughs, disc harrows, or rototillers or cultivators. Most such tools will break and turn surface soil to a depth as deep as 20 cm, whereas a subsoiler will break up and loosen soil to almost double that depth.
The subsoiler is a tool used for tillage in all the crops where there is a problem of the soil becoming compact. This happens in big farms where machines make the soil compact and clod out more frequently.
Tilling turns and mixes the soil to aerate it, improve drainage and make it easier to plant seeds in the soil. You would need to wait at least a few weeks before planting, but waiting for a few months is recommended more.
Sometimes tilling can degrade the quality of the soil in the long run. It might provide instant fertility and better product but in the course of time and process, it might affect the subsoil to degrade and become infertile.
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